- The Fair Labor Standards Act
- The Child Labor Protection Act
- The Occupational Safety and Health Act
- The Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act
- The Immigration Reform and Control Act
- The Trafficking Victims Protection Act
- The Agriculture Improvement Act
- The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act
The Federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) is the primary federal law that governs child labor regulations in the United States. The FLSA sets the minimum age for employment, establishes maximum hours that children can work, and establishes standards for hazardous occupations.
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In 1998, the United States Congress passed the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) which put into effect regulations regarding child labor. The FLSA contains provisions that deal with minimum wage, overtime pay, record keeping, and child labor. The Department of Labor’s Wage and Hour Division is responsible for administering and enforcing the FLSA.
The FLSA sets the national minimum wage and overtime pay standards. These standards apply to employees in both the private sector and in federal, state, and local governments. The FLSA does not set a minimum wage for agricultural workers or domestic workers. The current federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour.
The FLSA also sets standards for the employment of children under the age of 18. These standards are designed to protect working children from being exploited or getting hurt on the job. The child labor provisions of the FLSA are administered by the Wage and Hour Division.
The Child Labor Regulations define what types of work children can do at what age, how many hours they can work, and what conditions they can work in. There are different rules for different types of businesses and different age groups of children. For example, 16- and 17-year-olds can be employed in non-agricultural jobs for unlimited hours if they meet certain conditions set forth in the regulations. Children under 16 years old can only be employed in agriculture with their parent’s permission and only for limited hours after school hours or on weekends.
There are some exceptions to these rules for employment in entertainment, modeling, newspaper delivery, babysitting, chores on a farm owned by their parents or guardian, and other jobs specifically exempted by the Secretary of Labor. In general, however, any job that is considered to be hazardous is off-limits to minors under 18 years old
The Fair Labor Standards Act
The Fair Labor Standards Act is a federal law that establishes minimum wage, overtime pay, recordkeeping, and child labor standards. The FLSA covers employees in both the private sector and in federal, state, and local governments.
The FLSA affects most private sector employers and employees as well as some public sector employees. The U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) Wage and Hour Division (WHD) administers and enforces the FLSA with respect to private sector employers and workers. Other federal agencies, such as the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), may also have enforcement responsibilities under the FLSA with respect to certain employers covered by the Act.
The FLSA requires that covered, nonexempt employees be paid at least the federal minimum wage of $7.25 per hour for all hours worked, plus time-and-a-half for all hours worked over 40 in a workweek. Employers must also maintain accurate records of hours worked by their employees.
The Act sets forth standards for employment of minors under the age of 16 by covered employers. Under the child labor provisions, employment of minors under 16 years of age is generally prohibited in any occupation deemed hazardous by the U.S. Secretary of Labor or that involves process or machinery used in manufacturing or mining or working with power-driven equipment such as office machines and vehicles. Exceptions may be granted for certain jobs if certain conditions are met such as parental consent or completion of a work permit process.
The Child Labor Protection Act
The Child Labor Protection Act is a federal law that has the greatest effect on child labor regulations. The act prohibits the employment of children under the age of 14 in any occupation, and limits the hours that children 14 and 15 may work. The law also prohibits the employment of children under the age of 16 in occupations that are hazardous or dangerous.
The Occupational Safety and Health Act
The Occupational Safety and Health Act is a federal law that has the greatest effect on child labor regulations. The act provides for the safety and health of all workers, including children. It requires employers to provide a safe and healthy workplace for their employees and to comply with safety and health standards set by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). The act also prohibits employers from retaliating against employees who report unsafe or unhealthy working conditions.
The Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act
The Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act (MSPA) is a federal law that protects migrant and seasonal agricultural workers. The law sets standards for wages, housing, working conditions, and provides workers with certain rights, such as the right to communicate freely with others about their working conditions.
MSPA also requires agricultural employers to provide workers with information about their employment, such as the terms of their employment and the compensation they will receive. Agricultural employers must also obtain a certificate from the Department of Labor before hiring migrant or seasonal agricultural workers.
MSPA is enforced by the Wage and Hour Division of the Department of Labor. If you suspect that your employer has violated MSPA, you may file a complaint with the Wage and Hour Division.
The Immigration Reform and Control Act
The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986 is a U.S. federal law that has had a profound effect on child labor regulations. IRCA made it illegal for employers to knowingly hire undocumented workers, and required employers to verify the identity and employment eligibility of all new hires.
IRCA’s enforcement provisions have led to increased compliance with child labor laws, as employers are less likely to hire minors without proper documentation. In addition, the increased compliance with IRCA has resulted in more children being enrolled in school and fewer working in hazardous jobs.
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) is the first comprehensive federal law to address human trafficking. Enacted in 2000, the TVPA sought to combat human trafficking by providing new tools for law enforcement officials, increasing penalties for traffickers, and protecting victims of trafficking. The TVPA was reauthorized twice, in 2003 and 2005, and again in 2008. In 2013, the TVPA was once again reauthorized with some significant changes.
The TVPA defines human trafficking as the use of force, fraud, or coercion to exploit a person for labor or commercial sex. This includes cases where people are induced into labor or services through threat of force, debt bondage, form of coercion other than financial means, or any combination thereof. The TVPA also establishes new crimes related to human trafficking and provides enhanced penalties for traffickers convicted of these offenses.
The TVPA includes three main provisions: (1) establishing penalties for traffickers; (2) providing assistance to victims of trafficking; and (3) preventing trafficking by enhancing international cooperation. The law also establishes the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons within the Department of State and mandates the annual publication of the Trafficking in Persons Report.
The Agriculture Improvement Act
The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (2018 Farm Bill, P.L. 115-334) amended the CSA to, among other things, legalize the production and interstate commerce of hemp and hemp derivatives. Prior to the 2018 Farm Bill, CBD derived from cannabis was a Schedule I substance under the CSA and was therefore illegal. The 2018 Farm Bill removed hemp and hemp derivatives from the Schedule I classification, making them legal under federal law. However, CBD derived from marijuana (cannabis with a THC concentration greater than 0.3%) remains a Schedule I substance under the CSA and is therefore illegal under federal law.
The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act
The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act (CPSIA) is a federal law that has had a profound effect on child labor regulations. The CPSIA sets strict standards for the manufacture and sale of certain products, including toys and clothes. These standards are designed to protect consumers, especially children, from potentially harmful products.
In order to comply with the CPSIA, manufacturers and retailers must take steps to ensure that their products meet the required safety standards. This often means hiring only workers who are old enough to understand and follow safety protocols. As a result, the CPSIA has had a significant impact on child labor regulations, both in the United States and around the world.
The most significant federal law that regulates child labor is the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). The FLSA sets standards for minimum wage, overtime, record keeping, and Child Labor protections. In general, the FLSA prohibits employment of children under age 16 during school hours and sets restrictions on what types of jobs children under age 18 can perform. Some states have enacted laws that provide greater protection for workers under the age of 18.