The law which outlawed labor unions and working-class political activities in the United States was the Taft-Hartley Act of 1947.
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The National Recovery Administration
The National Recovery Administration (NRA) was a keystone of President Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal legislation. The NRA was created by the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) of 1933 in an attempt to stabilize prices and wages, promote collective bargaining, end “cut-throat competition,” and speed economic recovery from the Great Depression. The NRA was staffed with nearly 500,000 industrial advisers and over 3,000 lawyers. It had widespread support from business and labor, but was opposed by many conservative Republicans as well as some liberals who felt it went too far.
The most controversial provisions of the NIRA were those that regulated labor relations and working hours. These provisions were embodied in Section 7(a) of the act, which guaranteed workers the right to bargain collectively through unions of their own choosing, without interference from employer coercion or discrimination. Section 7(a) also established a maximum 40-hour work week and a minimum wage of $0.25 per hour (later raised to $0.40).
In May 1934, in response to pressure from business interests who felt that the NRA was giving too much power to labor unions, Roosevelt issued Executive Order No. 6524, which created the National Labor Board (NLB). The NLB was tasked with mediating labor disputes and ensuring compliance with Section 7(a), but it quickly became apparent that the NLB was not up to the task. In July 1935, Roosevelt replaced the NLB with the more pro-labor National Labor Relations Board (NLRB).
The NRA also established Codes of Fair Competition, which were designed to regulate industry practices and promote economic recovery by stabilizing prices and wages while promoting collective bargaining. The Codes were voluntary at first, but soon became mandatory for all businesses engaged in interstate commerce. Violators of the Codes were subject to antitrust prosecution by the federal government.
The NRA came to an end in May 1935 when the Supreme Court ruled that it exceeded Congress’ power under the Commerce Clause. Although it was short-lived, the NRA had a significant impact on labor relations in America and laid the groundwork for future federal legislation regulating labor relations
The National Labor Relations Act
The National Labor Relations Act was a law which outlawed labor unions and working-class political activities in the United States. The law was passed in 1935, during the Great Depression, and it was intended to protect businesses from the disruptive effects of unions. The law also limited the power of unions to negotiate with employers, and it made it illegal for unions to engage in certain kinds of strike activity.
The Wagner Act
The Wagner Act was a law Outlawed labor unions and working-class political activities in the United States. The law was passed in 1935 and signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
The Taft-Hartley Act
In 1947, the Taft-Hartley Act was passed, outlawing labor unions and working-class political activities. The law was a reaction to the New Deal policies of the 1930s, which had created a strong middle class and increased union membership. Taft- Hartley was an effort to weaken the political power of organized labor and return the country to a more conservative economicCourse Hero, Inc. May 20 Sign in
The act prohibited closed shops (requiring employees to be union members as a condition of employment), banned secondary boycotts (when workers refuse to do business with companies that are associated with a company that is engaged in a strike), and limited the power of unions to engage in political activities. The act also required unions to disclose their financial information and banned communists from holding office in unions.
The Taft-Hartley Act was strongly opposed by labor unions, which argued that it would reduce their power and make it harder for workers to organize. The act was also opposed by many civil rights leaders, who saw it as an attempt to suppress the voice of African Americans in the labor movement. However, the act was supported by business leaders and conservatives, who saw it as a necessary step to curb the power of unions.
The Landrum-Griffin Act
The Landrum-Griffin Act is a federal law which outlawed labor unions and working-class political activities in the United States. The law was passed in 1959 in an attempt to control the power of unions and prevent them from engaging in corrupt practices. It also placed restrictions on the activities of union members, requiring them to disclose their financial interests and banning them from participating in certain political activities.
The Landrum-Griffin Act was named after its sponsors, Congressman PhilLandrum and Senator Robert Griffin. It was passed by Congress with little opposition and signed into law by President Eisenhower.
The act has been criticized by many as a tool of political repression, used to stifle dissent and suppress the rights of workers. However, it remains in effect today and continues to be used to regulate the activities of unions and their members.
The Civil Rights Act
The Civil Rights Act of 1866 was a law passed by the United States Congress which granted African Americans citizenship and equal protection under the law. The act also made it illegal for employers to discriminated against workers based on their race, color, or national origin.
The act was an important step in ensuring that all Americans, regardless of their skin color or national origin, were treated equally under the law. However, it did not address the issue of labor unions or working-class political activities, which were still outlawed at the time.
The Immigration and Nationality Act
The Immigration and Nationality Act was a law passed in 1952 that placed strict quotas on the number of immigrants allowed into the United States and made it very difficult for working-class people to become citizens. The law was used to justify the deportation of millions of Mexicans and other Latinos. It also had a profound impact on the American labor movement, making it illegal for workers to form unions or engage in other political activities.
The Occupational Safety and Health Act
The Occupational Safety and Health Act is a federal law that establishes worker safety and health regulations. The act was passed in 1970, and it covers all private sector employers and employees, as well as some public sector employers and employees. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is the agency responsible for enforcing the act.
The Occupational Safety and Health Act outlaws labor unions and working-class political activities. The act prohibits employers from interfering with, restraining, or coercing employees in the exercise of their rights under the act. The act also prohibits employers from discriminating against employees who exercise their rights under the act.
The Employee Retirement Income Security Act
The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) is a federal law that regulates private pension and health plans in the United States. The main purpose of ERISA is to protect the interests of employees and retirees by establishing standards for plan administration and by providing for limited federal regulation of pension and health plans.
The National Minimum Wage Act
The National Minimum Wage Act is a law which outlaws labor unions and working-class political activities in an attempt to further exploitation of the working class by capitalists. The law was enacted in 1938 under the guise of protecting workers from exploitation, but it has had the effect of preventing workers from organizing to improve their working conditions and wages.